The EU imports a significant amount of oil, natural gas, uranium, and coal from Russia. At the same time, the EU also serves as an important energy market for Russia. On the basis of this interdependent relationship, the EU and Russia work together on energy issues such as security of supply and energy efficiency.

EU-Russia relations (European External Action Service)

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue

The EU-Russia Energy Dialogue provides the overall structure for energy cooperation between the EU and Russia going forward. Through the Dialogue, the EU and Russia seek to:

  • improve investment opportunities in the energy sector, including through the opening up of energy markets
  • ensure secure and adequate infrastructure
  • facilitate an increase in the use of environmentally friendly technologies and energy resources
  • promote energy efficiency and energy savings on the way to a low-carbon economy
  • exchange information on legislative initiatives

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue 2000-2010: The first ten years

Roadmap - EU-Russia Energy Cooperation until 2050

Thematic Groups

Thematic Groups bring together EU and Russian experts, including representatives from the European Commission, the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, financial institutions, European businesses, and academia.

Energy Strategies, Forecasts, and Scenarios Group

This group was established in order to exchange views on the EU and Russia's strategies, policies, and forecasts in energy and to bring coherence to their respective energy forecasts and scenarios by 2030. It also contributes to the development of bilateral data exchange and monitoring systems in order to enhance transparency and mutual confidence in energy matters; and identifies and jointly analyses potential mid- and long-term issues.

Group terms of Reference
Joint Statement on Creating a Mechanism to assess future Trends in the Gas Markets
Activity report 2010
Interim report September 2008

Market Developments Group

This group seeks to build trust and promote transparency by exchanging information on current and planned regulations and policy developments. It also follows important market developments and works at improving the investment climate in energy.

Group terms of reference
Report 2009-2010

Energy Efficiency Group

This group provides a platform to exchange information on laws, regulations, and experiences related to energy efficiency. It also cooperates on energy efficiency projects.

Group terms of Reference
Report 2010

Gas Advisory Council

The Gas Advisory Council of the Energy Dialogue consists of representatives from leading EU and Russian gas companies, and academic research organisations. The Council meets to assess developments in long-term EU-Russia gas cooperation. Three work streams were established under the Gas Advisory Council:

  • scenarios (modeling and analysing possible impacts on the gas trade under varying circumstances)
  • markets
  • infrastructure

Members the Gas Advisory Council
Rules of procedure

Reports and Presentations

Conclusions of the 8th EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Moscow, 19 November 2013
Presentations of the 8th EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council meeting
Conclusions of the 7th EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Brussels, 14 June 2013
Conclusions of the 6th EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Vienna, 29 January 2013
Conclusions of the 5th meeting of the EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Moscow, 19 October 2012
Conclusions of the 4th meeting of the EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Brussels, 20 July 2012
Conclusions of the 3rd meeting of the EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Vienna, 25 April 2012
Conclusions of the 2nd meeting of the EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Vienna, 24 January 2012
Conclusions of the 1st meeting of the EU-Russia Gas Advisory Council Vienna, 17 October 2011
Report on the first year of Gas Advisory Council activities

Early warning mechanism

Following a gas dispute between Russia and Ukraine in 2009, the EU and Russia established an Early Warning Mechanism. This instrument aims to prevent further supply interruptions in gas, oil, or electricity, and to ensure rapid communication.

Updated early warning mechanism

Original early warning mechanism

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