China produces and uses more energy than any other country. Energy developments in China therefore have a big impact on the state of the market worldwide, as well as on the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere.

EU-China relations (European External Action Service)

Energy Dialogue

EU cooperation with China is based on so-called Sectorial Dialogues which focus on individual economic areas. Since 1994, EU and Chinese officials meet throughout the year at the Energy Dialogue to cooperate on energy issues. The Dialogue's work forms part of the annual EU-China Summit. There are six priority areas of cooperation:

  • renewable energy
  • smart grids
  • energy efficiency in buildings
  • clean coal
  • nuclear energy
  • energy legislation

Energy Dialogue Memorandum of Understanding

List of EU-China activities under the Energy Dialogue

EU-China Joint Declaration on Energy Security

Joint Statement for Enhanced Cooperation on Electricity Markets between the European Commission and the State Electricity Regulatory Commission of China

Figures on projections and key economic indicators for China

Partnership on Urbanisation

Over half of China's citizens live in urban areas and that number is increasing. Through the EU-China Partnership on Urbanisation, the EU works with China to promote clean, sustainable, and energy efficient cities. The Partnership features various forums, study trips, and training activities, as well as an annual meeting between the Chinese Premier and the Presidents of the European Commission and the European Council. While the Partnership stretches across many economic and social sectors, DG Energy acts as the overall coordinator for the EU.

In energy, the Partnership works on topics such as promoting energy efficient buildings, researching energy technologies, and finding ways to integrate renewable energy into urban areas.

Joint Declaration on EU-China Partnership on Urbanisation

Partnerships between EU and Chinese cities

EC-LINK project

As part of the Partnership on Urbanisation, the EU and China launched the EC-LINK project. The project aims to help make Chinese cities more energy and resource efficient.

EC-LINK activities include:

  • an online platform to share information between European and Chinese stakeholders, available in Chinese and English
  • an 'urban sustainability lab' to create a toolbox for Chinese cities piloting new energy and resource efficiency measures
  • an 'urban sustainability help desk' that Chinese municipal officials can contact for advice on efficient urban planning and financing

EC-LINK website

Europe-China Clean Energy Centre

The Europe-China Clean Energy Centre (EC2) is a five-year cooperative project which aims to promote the use of clean energy in China.

EC2 activities include:

  • setting up a database of clean energy technologies to help share knowledge between the EU and China
  • creating advisory reports on clean energy policies
  • providing seminars, training courses, study tours, and e-learning programmes
  • raising awareness on the benefits of clean energy in China through promotional campaigns, events, and newsletters

EC2 is managed by a consortium of European and Chinese partners led by Politecnico di Torino in Italy. It is co-funded by the European Commission and the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea.

EC2 website

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