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As Indirect Land Use change (ILUC) can only be modelled not measured, the aim of this study was to model land use change and its greenhouse gas emissions related to biofuels consumed in the EU.
The overall objective of the assignment is to assess the investment requirements of the European TSOs in relation to their financing capabilities.
This project delivers a quantitative assessment of the greenhouse gas performance of different scenarios of EU bioenergy consumption post-2020. Researchers found that sustainable bioenergy production and use can deliver significant GHG emission reductions. Savings vary depending on different bioenergy sources.
The study evaluated eight energy intensive industrial sector groups, and four tertiary sector groups. A detailed bottom-up modelling assessment of the energy consumption trends and energy saving potential through 2050 of the eight industrial sectors was conducted. For the tertiary sectors, due to data limitations, a high-level summary of energy use profiles, energy saving opportunities, implementation barriers and policy options is presented based on literature review.
The rapid deployment of variable renewable electricity generation facilities has created challenges for power system operation. The study looks at different options for how transmission system operation functions could be reorganised to best respond to the challenges.
This study aims at analysing on-the-ground compliance with the current national regulatory frameworks across the EU-28. The scope of the study required a detailed analysis of these national frameworks and systems specifically in relation to the compliance with minimum energy performance (MEP) and energy performance certificates (EPCs). The study primarily focused on data pertaining to the year 2014. The study should therefore be considered as providing a ‘snapshot’ of compliance for 2014.
The IEA Policy Pathway series aims to help policy makers implement the IEA 25 Energy Efficiency Policy Recommendations endorsed by the IEA Ministers in 2011. This publication builds on lessons learned from country experiences and provides actionable guidance on how to plan and design, implement, monitor and evaluate energy efficiency programmes targeting SMEs.
This study presents the updated results of a comprehensive accounting of the impacts of ecodesign and energy labelling measures on the energy consumption, the socio-economic situation (jobs), the industrial competitiveness (revenues) and the technology development, over the period 2010-2050.